Falling in love with the Amazon
The Amazon Rain Forest is one of the most endangered ecosystems on the planet. Native populations are the guardians of the forest and live there without harming the plants or animal populations.
Tropical rain forests are among the most biodiversity rich places in the world: in spite of covering only 7% of dry land they are home to over 50% of plant and animal species alive, most of which are still to be discovered.
Our area is home to many species in danger of extinction elsewhere, like:
- The giant otter (Pteronoura brasiliensis);
- River dolphins (Inia geoffrensis e Sotalia fluviatilis);
- Manatee (Trichechus inunguis);
- The jaguar and many others.
The rivers which form the Xixuau-Xiparina reserve are extraordinarily transparent and their level rises 10-12 metres during the rainy season flooding large areas of forest and leaving only isolated areas of dry mainland forest.
The dry season is characterized by lower rainfall and the water level drops allowing large sandy beaches and rock formations to emerge.
To the north of the reserve is the Waimiri-Atroari Indian territory, and they help to preserve the environment by stopping the entry of commercial fishing boats to the Upper Jauaperi.
To help to preserve the natural environment first the Amazon Association, the CoopXixuau and now VisitAmazonia have supported numerous projects of scientific research in collaboration with Brazilian and foreign institutes and universities.
Among the main ones are an ethnobotanical survey of the plant species, a study of the magical-religious beliefs of the native inhabitants a census of mammal species and birds of the reserve, as well as studies on the behavior and ecology of one of the main predators in South America, the giant otter.
Also present are the jaguar, the black caiman, the pirarucu fish, the harpy eagle, the spider moneky and many other species in danger of extinction in other regions of the Amazon.